A fiesta of culture in Guam's traditional foods

News

A fiesta of culture in Guam's traditional foods

by: Guam Visitors Bureau | .
Guam Visitors Bureau | .
published: December 04, 2018

While visitors know Guam as the jewel of Micronesia and a favorite tropical destination for vacation holidays, the heart of the island is really its rich Chamorro culture.

At the center of that culture is a tradition comprised of the island’s Catholic faith introduced by the Spanish in the 1600s and a respect for family, rooted in the ancient Chamorro culture, known as the oldest civilization in Micronesia.

While family and faith is at the center of Chamorro culture, both often find their place at the fiesta table. Within the flower shape on the cover of our Guam Guide, you’ll find some of our island’s favorite foods – from red rice to chicken kelaguen. Please take time to explore our local cuisine and discover the fiesta table. It is there – during mealtimes – where families come together, new friendships are made, and old ones rekindled.

Should you be fortunate enough to invited to a barbeque, fandango (wedding), fiesta (celebration of Catholic patron saint) or a baptismal (a Christening of a person, normally an infant, into the Catholic faith), you will most likely enjoy the following foods:

Red Rice (Hineksa’ Agaga’)


A flavorful blend of seasoned rice colored with annatto seeds from the achote plant. Although rice has been a staple in the Chamorro diet for hundreds of years, it was not prepared using the achote seed until Spanish settlers introduced the plant to Guam. Achote releases a dye when soaked in water, which is then mixed with rice to give a distinct orange color. Other ingredients are often added including bacon, onion, garlic, and peas.

Chicken Kelaguen (Kelaguen Mannok)


A popular dish at almost all get-togethers characterized by a technique used in preparing chopped meats with lemon juice, salt, grated coconut, and hot red peppers. Kelaguen – which can be made using chicken, beef, shrimp, or even Spam® - is similar to chicken seviche but without the cilantro leaves.

Chamorro Barbecue


A staple on the fiesta table, most of the time, ribs and chicken are marinated for 3-4 hours in a soy sauce and vinegar mixture, then seared on an open grill over charcoal or tangan tangan wood embers.

Finadenne’


A basic condiment used in Chamorro cuisine, the favorite sauce is prepared by mixing soy sauce, vinegar or lemon juice, chopped white onion, and fresh chili peppers. It can be spooned over food – especially meat – or used as a dipping sauce.

Cucumber Salad


A favorite among Chamorros, this dish takes a popular Guam vegetable and soaks it in finadenne’, bringing a tangy flavor to cucumbers.

Red Velvet Cake


A lush Southern delicacy from the United States that has found its way to Guam. As the Chamorros enjoy great food, this dessert has found its way to most functions on the island.

Guam Fiesta Calendar
 
The exact date of each village fiesta is set by the Catholic Church each year.
 
January
Tumon: Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores
Chalan Pago: Nuestra Señora de la Paz Buen Viaje
Mongmong: Nuestra Señora de las Aguas
Maina: Our Lady of Purification
 
February
Yigo: Our Lady of Lourdes
 
March
Inarajan: St. Joseph, husband of Mary
 
April
Barrigada: San Vicente Ferrer
Agafa Gumas: Santa Bernadita
Merizo: San Dimas
Inarajan: St. Joseph, the Worker
 
May
Malojloj: San Isidro
Santa Rita: Santa Rita
Sinajana: St. Jude
 
June
Ordot: San Juan Bautista
Tamuning: St. Anthony
Chalan Pago: Sacred Heart of Jesus
Toto: Immaculate heart of Mary
 
July
Dededo: St. Andrew Kim
Agat: Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Agat: Santa Ana
 
August
Tamuning: St. Victor
Piti: Assumption of Our Lady
Barrigada: San Roque
Agat: Santa Rosa
 
September
Cañada, Barrigada: San Ramon
Hagåtña: Dulce Nombre de Maria (Sweet Name of Mary)
Talofofo: San Miguel
Mangilao: Santa Teresita/Saint Therese of Liseux
 
October
Yona: St. Francis of Assisi
Umatac: San Dionisio
Sinajana: St. Jude
 
November
Agana Heights: Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament
 
December
Dededo: Santa Barbara
Hagåtña: Immaculate Conception, islandwide procession 4 p.m. honoring Santa Marian Kamalen
Santa Rita: Our Lady of Guadalupe
Asan: Nino Perdido
 
– Guampedia
Tags:
Related Content: No related content is available